Anoxic brain injury is a condition caused by total deprivation of oxygen to the brain. Sometimes the terms anoxia and hypoxia are used interchangeably, although hypoxia refers to a decreased of limited deprivation of oxygen. The brain requires 3.3 ml of oxygen per 100 g of brain tissue per minute to function properly. When the oxygen in the blood lowers, the body responds by redirecting blood to the brain so the cerebral blood flow increases. The blood flow can increase no more than twice. Sometimes this is enough and no symptoms occur.Anoxic Brain Injury Due to Malpractice Picture
However, if the increased blood flow does not correct the problem, symptoms of cerebral hypoxia, such as bluish skin and increased heart rate appear. If the oxygen deprivation continues, the patient can suffer anoxic brain injury and experience personality changes, decreased concentration, fainting, headache, ocasional loss of consciousness, seizures, coma, cessation of brain stem reflexes and eventually brain death. When the brain is deprived of oxygen, the brain cells start to die and after four minutes permanent brain injury can occur.
If a medical health care professional does not diagnose anoxic brain injury in time, more cells die. With hypoxic and anoxic brain injury, a timely diagnosis is crucial. Moreover, frequent causes of brain damage are surgical and anesthesia errors. Permanent injury can also result from lack of oxygen in newborns caused by medical negligence in the delivery process. For example, if the baby’s umbilical cord is trapped between the head and the wall of the uterus, the pressure from the cord can cut the oxygen supply. Another cause is blood loss at birth. A delay in cesarean section of a baby who experiences oxygen deprivation can be the result of medical malpractice on the part of the hospital staff.Anoxic Brain Injury Due to Malpractice picture
Anoxic brain injury can also result from delay of proper intubation, poor nursing monitoring that caused a delay in diagnosis, over-administering certain drugs, errors that cause respiratory or cardiac arrest, emergency room errors, misdiagnosis and hospital errors. An errant surgical incision to the brain or an intubated patient who does not receive enough oxygen or is extubated can lead to brain injury. If the doctors or other health care professionals injure the patients in their care, they can be held liable for a negligence claim. Anoxic brain injury following sudden cardiac failure should be viewed with reluctance, because such events occur in a monitored setting. These patient can suffer brain injuries if the treatment to restore cardiac functions is not administered in time.
Anoxic brain injury can result in permanent brain damage with a devastating impact on the lives of patients and loved ones. If the condition is caused by medical malpractice, you may be entitled to compensation. A medical health care solicitor can help you prove that the injury is the result of negligence. However, legal issues in such cases are complex and require the testimony of experts in various fields, such as neurologists, neuro-psychologists and radiologists.